Definitions & FAQ

3G
The generic term for third generation mobile telecommunications technology. 3G offers high speed connections to cellular phones and other mobile devices, enabling video conference and other applications requiring broadband connectivity to the internet.

3.5G
A grouping of disparate mobile telephony and data technologies designed to provide better performance than 3G systems, as an interim step towards deployment of full 4G capability.

Adjusted EBITDA
Adjusted EBITDA is defined as earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization. Adjusted EBITDA and other related ratios in this Annual Report serve as additional indicators on our performance and liquidity, which is a non GAAP financial measure.

ADS
American Depositary Share (also known as an American Depositary Receipt, or an “ADR”), a certificate traded on a US securities market (such as New York Stock Exchange) representing a number of foreign shares. Each of our ADS represents 200 of our Series B shares.

ADSL
Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line, a type of digital subscriber line technology, a data communications technology that enables faster data transmission over copper telephone lines than a conventional voice band modem can provide.

APMK
Alat Pembayaran Menggunakan Kartu or card-based payment instruments, a payment instrument in the form of credit cards, Automated Teller Machine (“ATM”) and/or debit cards.

ARPU
Average Revenue per User, a measure used primarily by telecommunications and networking companies which states how much money we make from the average user. It is defined as the total revenue from specified services divided by the number of consumers for those services.

Backbone
The main telecommunications network consisting of transmission and switching facilities connecting several network access nodes. The transmission links between nodes and switching facilities include microwave, submarine cable, satellite, optical fiber and other transmission technology.

Bandwidth
The capacity of a communication link.

Bapepam-LK
Badan Pengawas Pasar Modal dan Lembaga Keuangan, or the Indonesian Capital Market and Financial Institution Surpervisory Agency, the predecessor to the OJK.

Broadband
A signaling method that includes or handles a relatively wide range (or band) of frequencies.

BSC
Base Station Controller, an equipment responsible for radio resource allocation to mobile station, frequency administration and handover between BTSs controlled by the BSC.

BSS
Base Station Subsystem, the section of a cellular telephone network responsible for handling traffic and signaling between a mobile phone and the network switching subsystem. A BSS is composed of two parts: the BTS and the BSC.